I want to stay on the relationship between knowledge and wisdom for a few more days.  I do not want to give the impression that I am equating technologically mediated (accessible) information with "knowledge" and firsthand experience or book learning with "wisdom."  Rather, I want to encourage us to reflect on how our increasing reliance on the information we gain through our technological devices privileges a certain way of knowing and diminishes other ways of knowing.

For example, probably all of us reading this have come to depend on our GPS devices when navigating our way.  With GPS in hand, all we need to know to get ourselves on the road is the address of our destination.  With that we can instantly map the route and time required.  Some of us reading this can remember the pre-GPS days when we would need to pull out a map and plot our course which required a certain kind of attention to detail along the way and the ability to estimate distance and time.  This latter way of finding our way required a range of skills, attentiveness, and knowledge no longer required when we have a GPS in our hands.  In making information conveniently and instantly available, certain ways of knowing fall away--we become, one could say, deskilled.  It's a simple illustration and not one meant to suggest we throw our GPS devices out the car window.  It is only meant to illustrate how and why there is an inevitable de-skilling of knowing that takes place in our increasing dependence on technologically mediated information.  Regulating that dependence is a worthy aim.  

Let me conclude with a brief review of Aristotle's three forms of knowledge: Episteme (most closely aligned with what we would regard as scientific knowledge--context independent, invariable); Techne (the kind of knowing essential to the practice of craft, to make something, its variable, context dependent--what might call practical knowledge); Phronesis (more like discernment, the deliberation about values, the making of judgments with an orientation toward taking one action vs, another--the ability to do the right thing, in the right way, a the right time, what we might call practical wisdom).

All three forms of knowledge are essential to the good life.  Developing skills relevant to all three are crucial to a mindful, soulful life--to the cultivation of wisdom.